Welcome to the third in the series of "Under Your Feet" colouring sheets.
This time we will focus on the Iron Age!
Click on the image to download a PDF
If you missed last weeks Bronze Age sheet click here
The iron age is so called because iron slowly replaced bronze as the number one metal of choice. Starting around 800 BC a tribal culture grew with the whole of Britain divided into seperate kingdoms with their own chieftains, kings and queens.
The period ended when the Romans conquered the islands in 43 AD.
Guide to the Artefacts
These pots were handmade by coiling long snakes of clay in a rising spiral and their surface would be smoothed and decorated with patterns. Some of the pots that were used for storage could measure 3 ft in height.
With the discovery of iron tools could be made which were stronger and lasted longer than bronze ones.
Made from a flat piece of bone these combs were very common objects of the iron age.
This ornate shield was made from bronze and would have been only used in celebrations and ceremonies as they were too weak to use in battle.
During the iron age coins were used for the first time in Britain. Many of them displayed the name of a ruler of a tribe.
The one shown has the name EISV from the Dobunni tribe in the west of England. It also shows the popular figure of a horse with three tails!
Pin & Bone Needle
These pins were made from bronze or iron and were used for holding clothing together.
Large bone needles are thought have been perfect for making fishing nets.
A small number of these wooden objects have been found in rivers and wet area. It is thought that they were used as offerings to the gods.
Rectangular in shape rather than square they were made from animal bone and had four numbered sides, 3/4/5 and 6.
Originally imported these glass beads were eventually copied and made in Britain. They were used in jewellery such as necklaces and bracelets and were very popular throughout the iron age.
These rotary querns were much more effective at grinding flour than the old ones used during the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Grain would be poured into the hole at the top, the handle would be turned in a circular motion and flour would come out of the sides.
These sometimes large torcs were worn around the neck and were a symbol of wealth and power as they were really expensive to make.
These objects had one highly polished side (to see your reflection in) and one highly decorated side with engravings.
Brooches replaced pins as the most popular way of attaching clothing during the iron age.
Here are some of my favourite places to go and visit (in no particular order!):
Castell Henllys - Pembrokshire Wales (reconstructed hillfort)
Andover Museum of the Iron Age - Hampshire
Danebury Hillfort - Hampshire
Maiden Castle - Dorset
Hambledon Hill & Hod Hill - Dorset
Barbury Castle - Wiltshire
Cley Hill - Wiltshire
Battlesbury & Scratchbury Hillforts - Wiltshire
Bratton Camp - Wiltshire
Brent Knoll Hillfort - Somerset
Oldbury Castle - Wiltshire
Oliver's Camp - Wiltshire
Dolebury Warren Hillfort - Somerset
Solsbury Hill - Gloucestershire
Uley Hillfort - Gloucestershire
Durham Camp - Gloucestershire
Little Sodbury Camp - Gloucestershire
South Cadbury Castle - Somerset (Camelot!)
Clifton Down Hillfort - Bristol