The Roman Emperor Claudius invaded and won in 43 AD and ended the Iron Age in Britain. The country slowly adopted the roman way and left behind their celtic traditions and beliefs. Everything was fine until 410 AD when the ruling classes left the islands to protect Rome.
Guide to the Artefacts
The Romans introduced wheel thrown pottery to Britain which was far superior to the rough hand made pots of the iron age.
The type of pottery shown in the picture is called Samian Ware, these were high status objects and imported from France.
Glass objects were not available in Britain before the Romans arrived (excluding small beads). They were made by glass blowing which made them better than using older techniques.
The metal spike at the end of this spear was designed to bend on impact. This was to stop the enemy picking it up and throwing it back!
These were primarily used for shearing sheep to provide wool for cloth.
Hob nails were hammered into the soles of sandles to provide better grip and durability when worn.
These were common objects in the Roman world and were used to fasten clothing. The picture shows the brooch having a small pin on its back not unlike modern safety pins and badges.
Roman spoons were made from bone, iron or silver and many had a spike at one end which was perfect for picking up meat or eating shellfish.
Clay tiles were used in many Roman buildings for practical and decorational purposes. The one pictured is called a flue tile which has a hole running through it to allow hot gasses and smoke to escape from the under floor heating system (hypocaust).
Roman dice were mainly made from bone but there are rare examples that were made from lead or jet.
Silver Drinking Cup
This high status object looks like a modern day sports trophy and would have graced the tables of the wealthy.
Roman coins were made from gold, silver, copper and most had the image of the ruling emperor on one side.
This famous red and yellow shield was a common site when the Roman army was marching.
Most lamps were made from pottery and had a small chamber filled with oil. A wick was then lit which peeks out from a small hole to provide light.
Wax Tablet & Stylus
These were the Roman notepads of the day! Shallow wooden blocks were filled with wax and a stylus would be used to scratch words into it. The stylus had one pointed end for writing and the other often had a flat side to erase mistakes.
The picture shows a carved cameo (picture) made from semi-precious stone set into the gold ring.
Made from iron, this short sword was used by the army as a stabbing weapon during battles.
Small pieces of coloured stone and tile were laid into the floor of posh buildings to create patterns and pictures to walk on.
Here are some of my favourite places to go and visit (in no particular order!):
Caerleon Roman Legionary Fortress - Gwent, Wales
National Roman Legion Museum - Caerleon, Gwent, Wales
Caerwent Roman Town - Gwent, Wales
Corinium Museum - Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England
Wroxeter Roman City - Shropshire, England
Chedworth Roman Villa - Gloucestershire, England
Fosseway Roman Road - Exeter to Lincoln, England